Four Russians have been charged in the U.S. with operating a crypto pyramid and Ponzi scheme that defrauded investors of millions of dollars. If convicted, they would face a maximum penalty of 20 years in prison for their roles in the purportedly decentralized finance (defi) platform Forsage.
A federal grand jury in the District of Oregon returned an indictment on Wednesday charging the founders of a defi crypto investment platform for what authorities believe to have been a global Ponzi scheme. The entity, Forsage, allegedly raised around $340 million from its victims, according to an announcement by the U.S. Justice Department.
All four indicted Vladimir Okhotnikov, Olena Oblamska, Mikhail Sergeev, and Sergey Maslakov are citizens of the Russian Federation. Some of them used one or more aliases while aggressively promoting the project through its website and social media as a legitimate, lucrative, and low-risk business opportunity. Sergeev, for example, presented himself as Mike Mooney or Gleb Million.
Forsage was advertised to the public as a decentralized matrix project based on network marketing and smart contracts. In reality, it was set up and run as a Ponzi and pyramid investment scheme that defrauded investors around the world. The defendants are each charged with conspiracy to commit wire fraud. If convicted, they would face up to 20 years in prison.
Court documents suggest that the Russian nationals deployed smart contracts on the Ethereum, Binance Smart Chain, and Tron blockchains. Analysis of the code showed that as soon as someone invested in Forsage by buying a so-called “slot” in a smart contract, the funds were used to pay earlier Forsage investors.
Blockchain forensics confirmed that over 80% of Forsage investors received fewer ether (ETH)back than they had invested in its Ethereum program. Moreover, at least one smart contract was used to divert investors’ money to cryptocurrency accounts controlled by the founders.
Forsage was launched online in January 2020. The indictment of the Russians comes after in August, last year, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) charged 11 people, the four co-founders and seven promoters of the platform, for their participation in creating and promoting the fraudulent crypto pyramid and Ponzi scheme.